Mujaddara, my first post from Aleppo

I’ve had an incredible start to my Fulbright in Syria. It’s been almost two weeks since I arrived — a perfect time for a quick update.

My flight landed in Aleppo on Saturday night, around midnight. After 28 hours of traveling, door to door, I arrived at my grandmother’s sister’s house in Aleppo. Like a true Halabiye (Aleppan) she had a delicious spread of mezze laid out as soon as I walked through the door: muhammara (محمّرة), olives, pickles, homemade mortadella, hummus (حمص), labne (لبنة), zeit w za’atar (زيت و زعتر); I slept like a baby that night.

meet my grandmother’s sister
my grandmother's sister

I spent my first few days doing administrative things: I got a cell phone, registered at the University of Aleppo, exchanged currency. I took a bus down to Damascus to meet with the other Fulbrighters as well as the Fulbright committee here in Syria. We were all invited to dinner at a restaurant called Marmara where we got to meet the Syrian Fulbright students who are getting ready to study abroad in the US.

University of Aleppo, College of Literature and Humanities
University of Aleppo

I think I’ve already gained five pounds since I’ve arrived. It’s hard not to. Every day I come across new recipes that I want to blog about. I walk as much as I could and take the stairs whenever possible. My grandmother’s sister, bless her heart, pulled me aside the other day and asked whether I had a phobia of riding the elevator. I told her I take the stairs so that I can eat more of her delicious food. I’m sure she will hold me up to this for the next nine months that I’m here.

why I walk and take the stairs
la7me el 3ajeen

The picture above is from a lunch I recently had at a friend’s house. The star of the meal was the traditional meat pizzas called lahm bil ajin (لحمة بالعجي). I will have to dedicate a complete blog post to these thin flatbreads topped with a mix of ground lamb, fragrant spices, and a flavorful puree of fresh vegetables. They’re incredibly delicious and are an important part of Aleppo’s rich culinary heritage. Most families prepare their own meat mixture at home and send it to their neighborhood baker who will use their dough and large clay ovens to shape and bake the pies for them. My friend’s mom prepared her meat mixture in the morning and sent my friend and I later that afternoon to pick up the freshly baked flatbreads from the bakery. I posted a few photos from the bakery to my flickr.

Last Friday my grandmother’s sister prepared mujaddara for lunch. Mujaddara is a simple, but traditional Middle Eastern dish of rice and lentils. Some families make it with bulgur wheat, and in Egypt they add noodles to the rice and lentils, and serve it with a spicy tomato-based sauce. Egyptians call this dish Kosheri (كشري).

The same day I had mujaddara at my grandmother’s sister’s house, I visited two friends, and both their families had also made mujaddara for lunch. For Christian families who abstain from eating meat on Fridays, mujaddara is a quick and healthy vegetarian meal for the family.

I had photographed mujaddara before I left the States, but never got around to posting the photos on my blog. These photos are from then.

mise en place
mise en place
cover lentils with water
cover lentils with water
the more onions, the better
onion slices
fried onions
fried onions

Usually people will not fry the onions in extra virgin olive oil because it has a low smoking point. I prefer the taste of olive oil, so I take extra time to cook the onions over low heat for a long time until they become crisp. If you’re in a rush you can use canola oil or any relatively flavorless oil that has a higher smoking point.

cooked lentils
cooked lentils
Mujaddara (مجدّرة)

Pickles are traditionally served with the mujaddara. Saha w hana — bon appetit!


yields approx 4-6 servings


  • 1 cup lentils
  • 1 cup medium grain rice (or coarse bulgur wheat*)
  • 6-8 yellow onions
  • 1/3 cup olive oil
  • water
  • salt, to taste
  • pickles, optional

Putting them all together

  1. Slice the ends off the onions, peel, and lay each half flat on the cutting board. Cut into thin slices, about an 1/8th of an inch thick.
  2. In a large skillet over medium-low heat, add the olive oil, onions, and season with salt. Cook for an hour and a half, stirring occasionally.* Transfer onions to a plate lined with paper towels once they reach a uniform, dark, intensely caramelized color. Raise heat if the onions are not browning.
  3. While the onions are cooking, scan for tiny pebbles in the lentils and discard. Rinse lentils under cold water.
  4. In a medium-sized pot, add the lentils and 4.5 cups of water. Partially cover the pot, bring to a boil, and reduce heat to a simmer for 15 minutes or until the lentils are half cooked.
  5. Season lentils with salt (to taste), stir in the rice/bulgur, cover, and simmer for 18-20 more minutes, or until the rice and lentils are fully cooked and all the water has been absorbed. If the rice hasn’t fully cooked, add a little more water, cover, and return to medium-low heat for a few minutes.
  6. Serve the mujaddara on a platter and top with the crispy onions and a side of sour pickles, preferably pickled turnips.

Note: Many recipes call for frying the onions in canola oil over high heat. While this approach yields a crispier texture, I prefer the sweetness from intensely caramelized onions.
Make sure to season the lentils with salt after they cook to prevent them from developing a grainy texture.

Update (02/09/2013): Ever since I returned from Aleppo, I’ve been making my mujaddara with coarse bulgur wheat. I enjoy the flavor and texture more than the mujaddara with rice. You can find coarse bulgur wheat (often called Bulgur Wheat #3) at most Mediterranean Markets many health food stores.


Disclaimer: The opinions I express in this blog are my own and do not reflect those of the Fulbright program.

22 thoughts on “Mujaddara, my first post from Aleppo

  1. Mmm, looks yummy! My family makes a similar dish, but with wide egg noodles. We call it Rishta (I have no idea if that is how you spell it)

  2. I didn’t realise there were country or regional differences to the Mujaddara, like the addition of noodles – the latter was what I thought was the typical dish. What a great spread your grandmother turned out, and I will be keeping an eye out for those meat pizzas, I’ve had them at lebanese restaurants here. Good luck with the program, and great to see you back in the blog world!

  3. I am Latin, always have beans and rice, but this recipe got my eye.
    Looking forward to hear more from you and your experiences.
    Your aunt is lovely, enjoy her food!

  4. Good point about cooking the lentils in unsalted water first, then salting when the rice is added. I’m glad to see you back in the blog world, and hope your research program is flourishing!

  5. Ristha has nothing to do with mjadara. Ristha are the middle-east pasta. They look like tagliatelle and are traditionally served with a egg-yoghurt-garlic sauce.There are also the oval vormed short rishta.

  6. in our family and many others throughout the Levant we discard the lentil coooking water after they have cooked al dente and add fresh water to the lentil rice mixture..the lentil water has a heavy overpowering taste and murky doing so you have much more refined easier to digest dish and the flavors meld better and yet remain distinct…we serve this dish with a finely chopped tomatoe.cucumber salad dressed in lemon and mint olive oil..exquitsite..

  7. sorry tony love your blog.. but lahem bil ajeen/sfiha are not pizzas.they taste nothing like them have no cheese no sauce…they are flat spiced lamb/beef pies or pastries

  8. Love the fried onions – reminds me of the ones on top of kosharee here in Cairo. I hope you have a wonderful time on your fulbright. Still want to hear all the details.

  9. Thanks for the tip about the water, Samir. When I make mujaddara at home, the lentils usually absorb almost all the water. I will update the recipe tomorrow, to include this tip.

    In regards to the lahem bil ajeen, you are right in that they have no cheese and no sauce. I used the word pizza loosely to describe the fact that these are round “pies” made from a pizza-like dough, with a meat topping. Since there is nothing else that I can think of similar to lahme bil ajeen, I thought describing them as pizzas would help — I hope I didn’t give anyone the wrong impression. Thanks for your comments Samir, ahla w sahla 🙂

  10. Ahlan bik!! your appreciation of my comments is very refreshing like your blog..of course there are variations of this dish from family to family ,region to region etc..but I think this step is great if you want an easier to digest, more refined dish.. forgot to mention we also add a dash of black pepper along with the salt and some of the cooked onion and its oil to the cooking dish,reserving most for the final garnish,, others add spices ie cumin..

  11. Wow! A new adventure! I imagine I would also gain a lot of weight if I was there…the food sounds awesome!

    I remember the Egyptian version of this dish from my trip there…

  12. Just found your blog. Love the food and the pictures. Good luck and enjoy your Fulbright experience!

  13. Tony, sounds like your trip is off to a fabulous beginning! Enjoy every bite–I can’t wait to hear more!

  14. I have always wondered about the crispy onions and how they are done. 1st time to see any directions on how to prepare. I will definitely try this. I love lentils any which way they are prepared.

  15. Tony, thank you for the wonderful recipe. Enjoyed this dish at a local middle-eastern restaurant and they served it topped with the carmelized onions (as have you) but in addition they served a little dish of yogurt mixed with chopped cucumbers to add atop the onions. The plate was garnished with pickled radishes and pepperoncini.

    I ordered the entire Mjeddrah dinner and it was served with a side salad that consisted of mixed greens, red onion slivers, black olives, chopped tomatoes, and a little chopped mint. The dressing tasted like lemon juice, olive oil, and honey. Warm pita breads were also brought to the table.

    In full view of the diners, custom drinks were prepared in a juicer with vegetables and fruits of one’s choice – I ordered strawberry/carrot/beet and it was surprisingly good! It was a delicious and memorable meal.

    Again, thank you for providing the recipe, for your wonderful photographs, and for your interesting blog.

    Most sincere best wishes to you.

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